Hermann Oberth can be considered the first “spaceship builder” for cinema. But a specification is needed: Oberth is best known for his experiments on missiles, he really wanted to build spaceships, but real ones.
When film director Fritz Lang was about to film “Frau im mond” (The woman in the Moon), Oberth was already famous for his researches, and Lang wanted him to build the rocket.
Oberth worked enthusiastically, and had two tasks: one was the construction of the miniatures and of the ship’s interiors, the other (surely the most desired) was creating the real and working rocket for the launch scene.
But the real rocket never lifted off: the technical problems were too many, and UFA producers did not want to give away money for a scientific experiment, which was the final purpose of Oberth.

Oberth was absolutely unheard when the cockpit was built in wrong proportions with the ship: producers preferred levers and buttons to be well shown and seen.
At last Oberth’s help was not very useful, but anyway was an attempt to give scientific realism to the movie, which was released in 1929.